No life can be replaced and the life of a child is incomparable to all others. It is far too often that children are involved in accidents or suffer an emergency situation and the adults around them are unprepared. Child CPR helps to provide the tools you need in the event of an emergency.

When a child’s heart has stopped, you have but a few minutes to keep the body alive. Child CPR provides children with the life support they need while you wait for medical assistance.

Child CPR Steps

Remember: this is not a substitute for CPR training. Also, if you want the CPR steps for a child under 1 year old please refer to the baby CPR page.

  • If someone is nearby, ask them to dial 911. If not, quickly dial 911 before starting CPR.
  • Child CPR - How to perform cpr on childrenGently and carefully position the child on their back. During this step you must be extremely cautious not to twist or move the spine, neck or head.
  • As you pinch the child’s nose shut maintain an open airway.
  • Make a seal around the child’s mouth with your mouth and deliver two long breaths by exhaling into the child’s mouth. You should see the chest rise, when it falls, begin the second breath.
  • Gently feel the child’s chest to find the lower tip of the child’s breastbone. Take two fingers to measure the width toward the head of the child and position the heel of one of your hands in this location. Take your remaining hand and position it over your first hand and intertwine the fingers of your hands.
  • Lean forward so that the child’s shoulders are over your hand.
  • With the weight of your upper body push down on the child’s chest. Perform five chest compressions in three seconds.
  • After the fifth chest compression, administer one longer, slow breath.
  • Continue this cycle for 12 times total and then recheck the child’s breathing and pulse.
  • If there is no response, continue a 12 set cycle followed by checking the child’s breathing and pulse until help arrives.

Child CPR is something that each parent should not ignore; there are just too many situations that can be life threatening to a child.

Tips for performing CPR on children

  • At all times, keep an open airway.
  • While administering rescue breaths to the child be sure the nose of the child is pinched shut.
  • As you breathe into the child’s mouth keep focused on the child’s chest to ensure that the chest rises. This is an indication that your breaths are effective.
  • If the chest fails to rise, reposition the child by re-tilting the child’s head. If rescue breathing is still not productive, the airway of the child may be obstructed and you will have to clear the child’s airway.
  • Children’s lungs are smaller than adult lungs and you must be careful not to give breaths that are too large. Give rescue breathing that is just enough to rise the child’s chest gently.
  • If the child is suffering from a severe mouth injury, then keep the child’s mouth sealed and administer rescue breathing through the child’s nose.
  • Be cautious not to apply too much force during chest compressions.
  • If vomiting occurs gently turn the child to their side and wipe out the child’s mouth. Reposition the child to the supine position and continue mouth to mouth and chest compressions.
  • Don’t give up! Without your life support that child can suffer brain damage or death.

There is no substitution for actual CPR training and each parent should consider enrollment in a class or even CPR certification. Classes are not lengthy and can be completed in a few hours in the evening, even online, in your own home, or on the weekends.